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Staphylococcus aureus

  • Breaks in the skin cause infections
  • Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species are commonly found
  • People with diabetes & immuno-deficiencies; or skin damaged caused by sunburn, scratching and other injuries are at particular risk


  • Impetigo
    • Highly infectious & superficial bacterial skin infection
    • Frequently seen in children
    • Caused by both staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes
    • Inflammation and infection localised in the epidermis


  • Folliculitis
    • Superficial folliculitis mainly occurs on scalp and beard area
    • Deep folliculitis occurs on the bearded areas of the face and upper lip


  • Furuncles
    • Acute, tender, perifollicular inflammatory nodules,
    • Infection by staphylococci
    • Progress into a painful, fluctuant walled-off mass containing pus.
    • Found on areas of friction, occlusion and perspiration


  • Carbuncles
    • Extremely painful, fluctuant nodules on the nape, back and thighs with yellow-grey irregular crater at the center
    • Often associated with fever and body malaise
    • Leave permanent scars after cure


  • Cellulitis
    • Diffuse, spreading, acute inflammation within solid tissues
    • Characterised by hyperaemia, white blood cells infiltration and edema without cellular necrosis or suppuration.